Go Brit Baby! - Tech Sessions
Whatís the Diff?
Have you ever thought about swapping your stock differential for something else? Maybe youíre looking for something to give you a little edge at the autocross or for better cruising on the highway? TD/TF drivers seem to like the 4.3 diff from an MGA. Some MGAs want the 3.9 diff from a MGB.
Well, I certainly have thought about it and will be taking a crack at swapping out my MGAís stock 4.3 differential. Below are the options and relative speeds each differential offers. Club Member and Endurance Driver, Paul Urquhart, provided these diff calculations. Paul based his figures on a properly inflated 24Ē tall tire. The tires commonly used today are not the same as the ones that came with the cars originally. So, these numbers may be a bit different than what you see published elsewhere.
í58 MGA ROADSTER
DIFF SPEED/1000 RPM SPEED @ 3500 RPM
4.875 14.64 MPH 51.25 MPH TD/TF
4.55 15.69 MPH 54.92 MPH Magnette ZB/MGA
4.30 16.60 MPH 58.11 MPH MGA standard
4.1 17.70 MPH 62.10 MPH MGA Mark II
3.9 18.31 MPH 64.07 MPH MGB standard
As you can see, the differential has a big impact in the way your MG drives. So, you want to make sure you pick the right diff for your driving requirements.
If you pull out the differential pumpkin, you will see some numbers on the gear work. It could be marked 10/43 (itís also marked on the exterior of the carrier). This means that it is a 4.3 differential. 11/43 means it is a 3.9. Take the larger number and divide the smaller number into it. This will give you the differential ratio.
Differentials are tough and seem to rarely give a problem when properly maintained. Properly maintained? - Means put in oil. Remember when you bought your MG? Probably didnít have much oil in the rear axle or the tranny. I know the cars Iíve bought were pretty dry.
Your carís stock differential should be adequate for most driving experiences. But say you want set some great around-the-cone times on the local autocross circuit or you plan to do a lot of hill climbing; you might want to move up to a 4.55 diff. If you are looking for something to keep up with todayís modern highway traffic you might want to put in a 4.1 or 3.9 diff.
What does it take to do the swap? Well, if the differential gear set and housing (pumpkin) is out of the same model/year car - all you really need to do is pull out the shafts in the rear axle housing and replace the pumpkin. Easy. If you have a pumpkin from a different model/year it still isnít that bad but it does require just a little more tool wrenching.
Iíve selected a 3.9 differential from an early MGB and will be putting it in the place of my MGAís stock 4.3 diff. On the outside, the pumpkins look identical with the only difference being the numbers stamped into the top of the pumpkin. However, the inside gear work for axle shafts are different. The early MGA has coarse 10-spline shafts while the MGB has much finer splines. So the axle differential gear work on the 3.9 diff need to be swapped out with the 4.3 axle gears in order to be compatible with the MGA axle shaft splines.
Once youíve removed the differential pumpkin; you can follow the procedure listed below that I learned from Barney Gaylord.
1. Drill out the peened over end of the hole for the locking pin, tap out the locking pin
2. Tap out the pinion axle, and all of the bevel gears and thrust washers come out.
3. Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly. Use a center punch to peen the edge of the hole to retain the locking pin when finished.
4. Place gasket and pumpkin back in place and tighten the pumpkin down. Donít crank the nuts down too tight. You might warp the mounting area.
So, whatís the price for this highway cruisiní MGA? Iíve spent $50 on the MGB pumpkin at the CMGCís February swap meet and another $1.50 for the housing gasket. So, about $52 total to go from about 58 mph per 3,500 rpms to 64 mph with the new diff. The engine wonít have to work nearly as hard to approach 65 mph on Chicagoís tollways. I think the longer legs on the highway should be a real nice upgrade.
One thing to note for anyone interested in this conversion is that you will need to recalibrate your speedometer to match the new rear axle ratio. Your local lawman will be happy to remind you if you forget to have this done.
We will be having a tech session on this diff conversion June 3rd at 9 am in St. Charles, IL. Please join us for this differential swap.
Want to experiment on your own car with different wheels and differentials via the internet. Check out: www.dirtroad.com/gears.htm. (no such host 7/30/2013). It allows you to plug in different options and see the results. Lots of MG differential fun.